The most common rat is the Brown Rat (Rattus Norvegicus), which is distinctive by body size, snout, ears and the fact that it’s tail length is not in proportion to it’s body. It has a blunt snout, thick body hair, small hairy ears and the tail is shorter than the head and body with a pale underside. These Rats are normally found everywhere; buildings, sewers and outdoor spaces.
Brown rats are omnivorous but prefer starch and protein-rich foods, such as cereals. Their diet includes meat, fish, vegetables, weeds, earthworms, crustaceans, nuts and fruit. They sometimes cache food to return to later. In good conditions this species can breed continually through the year. They can breed from the age of 12 weeks, which results in rapid increase of young, healthy rats. They can have litters of 8 and breed up to 6 times in a year.
Diseases that can be transmitted to humans by rats
Rats carry a fatal disease commonly called Weil’s Disease, or Leptospirosis, and is a type of bacterial infection spread by animals. It’s caused by a strain of bacteria called leptospira. This is spread through rat urine. Up to 30% of British rats carry this disease. Rats also carry a deadly minute roundworm (Viola sercurus), the plague (Yersinia pestis) and lice (Phthiraptera). They can also carry salmonella spp. This can cause problems with the digestive system.
It is therefore imperative that you call Premier Pest Control to determine the extent of the infestation, so as we can get the problem under control.
How the infestation will be controlled
Rats can enter your building through even the smallest gaps in your property. With the ability to fit through holes as small as 2 inches in diameter, it is not always hard for them to make their way through walls. Once we have discovered the source of the rats, our team will analyse the situation and determine an appropriate method of extermination and exclusion. Depending on your own unique circumstances, the methods we use will differ; as we have a wealth of experience behind us to understand the best course of action.
We will identify harbourages, and effect proofing to doors and holes in building fabric. We will ientify defective drains/sewers and possible access via services. We will remove attractive foods and locate perimeter baits or internal baits to effect control. Contact dust can be applied to ductings and harbourages, only when safe to do so. Live and break back traps can be sited around your property.